What Does a Litigation Lawyer Do


If you’re one of two parties involved in an unresolved disagreement, one of the next things you may do is to engage a Tampa construction litigation attorney, often known as a litigator.

A litigation attorney will walk you through the whole process of filing a lawsuit and pursuing it. The lawyer will be able to tell you if you should pursue a lawsuit or go to court.

If their client is the plaintiff or defendant, litigation attorneys begin by evaluating whether there is sufficient evidence to initiate or defend a lawsuit. The litigation attorney may locate and interview witnesses for the case, as well as examine the facts. Litigation lawyers will also draft pleadings, motions, and depositions, as well as prepare for trial.

We will talk about what is their job involved and explain each part.


When a client enters through the door, a lawyer begins by attentively listening to learn about the client’s condition. A lawyer’s expertise and experience allow him or her to swiftly determine whether a client’s legal position is sound. In increasingly complicated cases, the lawyer will need to undertake extra factual research and legal research to provide appropriate advice.

Almost usually, the investigative step will include a thorough examination of the client’s papers, such as any applicable contracts. It may be necessary to contact an expert in the appropriate subject on occasion. For example, if the case involves a construction dispute, the lawyer may desire to talk with a civil engineer, who might subsequently testify as an expert witness in the case.

A litigation lawyer will frequently need to conduct legal research and analysis during the investigative stage, in addition to factual investigation, because a rational expectation of the client’s legal position is necessary to properly counsel the client about the most likely course of action to achieve the client’s goal.

The early phases of litigation are crucial in many ways because they define and form any subsequent litigation. The more information a lawyer knows at the beginning, the more he or she will be able to create a plan to best defend the client’s interests.


One of a litigation lawyer’s first responsibilities is to draft the lawsuit’s initial “pleadings,” which include the written complaint that begins the case and the defendant’s written response to the complaint. As previously said, the lawyer must do an appropriate inquiry into the facts as well as necessary legal study in order to build a comprehensive plan.

Early pleadings are critical because they usually define and limit the kind of arguments a lawyer can make before the judge later in the case. If a plaintiff’s written complaint, for example, omits a specific legal claim, the plaintiff’s attorney may not be able to assert that claim later in the proceedings.

Similarly, if a defendant’s answer fails to state a specific legal argument, defense counsel may be barred from pursuing that issue in the future. Because these early court filings may restrict the scope of the parties’ ultimate claims, careful legal research is necessary before filing the pleadings.

Pleadings need a certain level of skill, especially when both parties may be unaware of some facts. For example, the defendant may know information that the plaintiff does not, and vice versa. Skill is necessary to design a pleading that is precise enough to satisfy the court while still allowing room for the case to take unexpected turns.

Even though a party may be allowed to “amend” a pleading once it has been submitted, the jury does not always give such permission, so litigation lawyers put a lot of thought and strategic consideration into the process of formulating pleadings, such as a written complaint or a written answer to a complaint.

Process of Discovery

During the discovery stage of a case, each party is obligated to turn over relevant documents and respond to questions made by the other party. The main goal of this compulsory information exchange is for each side to get a better grasp of the underlying facts.

Drafting discovery requests take a lot of expertise, especially when the lawyer knows that the other party in a dispute would be hesitant to reveal facts that could jeopardize its prospects of winning. As a result, the lawyer must make discovery demands that leave no room for interpretation.

If a side refuses to give over papers or answer certain questions, the judge might punish that party, even ruling that the action has been forfeited. Responding to discovery requests also requires legal expertise. Because no lawyer wants to jeopardize a client’s prospects of winning a lawsuit, attorneys create responses that offer the bare minimum necessary to fulfill the client’s legal obligation to share information.

When a party’s responses to discovery requests are overly vague or otherwise inadequate, the opposing party can ask the judge to require more detailed responses, with serious penalties applied if the party fails to comply. Lawyers for the parties in a case frequently disagree on which papers must be produced and which questions must be addressed.

Certain categories of information, such as the substance of discussions with a lawyer, are protected from disclosure. Any information relating to what the client said to his or her lawyer, and vice versa, is protected from discovery by the so-called “lawyer-client privilege.” If clients are not careful, they may accidentally ‘waive’ the privilege. Lawyers are adamant about not allowing any waivers to take place.

Negotiation (Mediation)

Mediation, in which opposing parties meet in the presence of an impartial court-appointed person known as a mediator and seek to reach a solution, is an important component of litigation.

Mediation is required before any matter may proceed to trial, and it frequently occurs during the case. Dispute resolution minimizes the burden of courts and saves money for taxpayers.

Lawyers that specialize in litigation are skilled negotiators. In the end, the customer must determine whether or not to accept the conditions that the other party is prepared to provide.

Any settlement offer will be discussed with the litigation lawyer, who will give advice and make a recommendation. However, the client has a complete choice over whether the matter is settled or pursued further.

The prospect of continuing to litigate and, if necessary, taking the matter to trial is each side’s ultimate leverage in the mediation.


The parties narrow and define the issues for trial at the pre-trial stage of the case, which generally entails submitting numerous motions and asking for a judgment from the court. A defendant, for example, could urge the judge to reject one of the plaintiff’s legal claims as frivolous.

Additional motions may address evidentiary concerns, such as requesting the judge to prevent a planned witness from testifying because his or her evidence will be “hearsay,” or untrustworthy second-hand information.

Once a written pre-trial motion is filed, each side’s lawyer will submit a legal brief to clarify their position. The plaintiff’s brief will explain why the motion should be granted, whereas the defense brief will do the same but argue that the motion should be refused.

One of a litigation lawyer’s most important abilities is the ability to write briefs. A brief uses the extensive legal study to offer a compelling and well-supported argument for why the client should win the motion. When it comes to applying legislation, rules, and case law to a specific set of circumstances, the law is seldom black and white, which is why the lawyer’s ability to prepare a legal brief can have an impact on the case’s conclusion.


The trial would be the tip of the iceberg if litigation were an iceberg. To put it another way, nearly all of a litigation lawyer’s labor happens before the case goes to trial.

A barrister will take up the litigation from the solicitor during the trial. The solicitor, on the other hand, will help the barrister prepare for and conduct the trial. The solicitor must play an important role since he or she has the most in-depth understanding of the case.

While the judge’s pre-trial judgments will have clarified the problems, including certain evidentiary questions, the judge will still be relied upon during the trial to make further findings on the admission of evidence and other issues when each side’s barristers raise objections in the courtroom.

Appeal Process

The fact that the losing side has the opportunity to appeal means that the trial court’s decision does not always indicate that the case is closed.

The losing party may claim that the court erred in dismissing the case or that the judge lacks the power to restrict the losing party from raising a particular claim or defense. A legal brief will be required for an appeal. Another instance where the lawyer’s ability to construct a persuasive legal argument may turn the case around is here.

Again, a litigation lawyer’s experience may make a major difference in the client’s outcome, as it does at every step of the case.

Both before and during the filing of a lawsuit, having a litigation lawyer on your side may be quite beneficial.

It is, nevertheless, important that you select the right legal representation for your case. To do so, look into the history and experience of an attorney. You should speak with an attorney before making a decision.

You may have a preliminary chat about your legal difficulties and make sure they are the proper person to represent you in this way.

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